NATO Designation AA-12 "Adder"
|Entered service in||1994|
|Range against closing target||150 km|
|Range against receding target||50 - 90 km|
|Weight of warhead||30 kg|
|Type of warhead||expanding rod|
|Fin span||0.7 m|
|Carried by||Ka-50, Ka-52, MiG-29, MiG-31, Su-27, Su-30, Su-33, Su-34, Su-35, Su-37, Yak-141|
The R-77 is a modern
medium-range air-to-air missile. It was developed by "Vympel"
design bureau since 1980s and entered service with Russian army in 1994.
It is believed that it will be the standard Russian fighter aircraft
missile. NATO countries designated it as the AA-12 "Adder".
It has an active radarhoming seeker and alike the R-27 medium-range missile it is guided to a certain point with the help of a data link. But then it uses an onboard radar to illuminate the target and steers towards it. Similar to the AIM-120 AMRAAM it gives the pilot a certain "fire and forget" capability. One more interesting detail is that it's NATO unofficial designation is "AMRAAMski". Missile has a range of fire in 0.5 - 150 kilometers.
The R-77 became a base for the R-77E featuring extended range and even more improved R-77M. The last mentioned is completed with a different engine and has a greater weight. Relying on official sources the R-77 has a range of fire in 200 kilometers. This missile is expected to be in service not earlier than 2007.
Recently besides Russian air forces the R-77 missile were exported and are operational in India, Malaysia and Peru.